I and the Village is an oil on canvas painting by the Belarusian-French artist Marc Chagall created in 1911. It is exhibited at the Museum of Modern Art, New York. The work is Cubist in construction and contains many soft, dreamlike images overlapping one another in a continuous space.
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Name : Marc Chagall

Born : 1887

Died : 1985

Art Style & Movement : Cubism ,Expressionism

Main Field/s :

Region/Nationality : French , Belarusian

Artist ID : 24803


Reference :

Marc Chagall[a] (born Moishe Shagal; 6 July [O.S. 24 June] 1887 – 28 March 1985) was a Belarusian-French artist.[2][1] An early modernist, he was associated with several major artistic styles and created works in a wide range of artistic formats, including painting, drawings, book illustrations, stained glass, stage sets, ceramics, tapestries and fine art prints.

Born in the former Grand Duchy of Lithuania, modern-day Belarus, then part of the Russian Empire, he was of Litvak origin. Before World War I, he travelled between Saint PetersburgParis, and Berlin. During this period he created his own mixture and style of modern art based on his idea of Eastern Europe and Jewish folk culture. He spent the wartime years in Belarus, becoming one of the country’s most distinguished artists and a member of the modernist avant-garde, founding the Vitebsk Arts College before leaving again for Paris in 1923.

Art critic Robert Hughes referred to Chagall as “the quintessential Jewish artist of the twentieth century”. According to art historian Michael J. Lewis, Chagall was considered to be “the last survivor of the first generation of European modernists”. For decades, he “had also been respected as the world’s pre-eminent Jewish artist”.[7] Using the medium of stained glass, he produced windows for the cathedrals of Reims and Metzwindows for the UN and the Art Institute of Chicago and the Jerusalem Windows in Israel. He also did large-scale paintings, including part of the ceiling of the Paris Opéra.

He had two basic reputations, writes Lewis: as a pioneer of modernism and as a major Jewish artist. He experienced modernism’s “golden age” in Paris, where “he synthesized the art forms of CubismSymbolism, and Fauvism, and the influence of Fauvism gave rise to Surrealism“. Yet throughout these phases of his style “he remained most emphatically a Jewish artist, whose work was one long dreamy reverie of life in his native village of Vitebsk.”[8] “When Matisse dies,” Pablo Picasso remarked in the 1950s, “Chagall will be the only painter left who understands what colour really is”.[9]

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